Maqam Hijaz (مقام حجاز)

Outline of maqam

Maqam Hijaz

The scale is extended below D (dukah) by means of a Rast pentachord on G (yakah):


A Rast pentachord on G (nawa) is often used in the ascending part of the scale and a Hijaz tetrachord on D (muhayyar) in the descending part:

The sayr of Maqam Hijaz is as follows. First highlight the Hijaz tetrachord, starting with the note D (dukah) preceded by C (rast), and descend to the Rast pentachord on G (yakah). Next, ascend to the Busalik and Rast pentachords on G (nawa), followed by the upper Busalik tetrachords. In the descending scale, highlight the Busalik and Hijaz tetrachords on D (muhayyar), or just the Hijaz, before working down through the other ajnas. Finally, touch on the note C (rast) before finishing on the tonic D (dukah).


Fingering diagram

The locations of the notes of Maqam Hijaz on the oud are shown in the diagram below, including the extension to the low Rast pentachord on G (yakah) mentioned above. The full two octaves are presented, with the arrows indicating which notes are modified in the descending part of the scale and the red circles indicating the notes that are substituted for these. A key to all the symbols in the diagram can be found here.



The following diagram shows the optional Rast pentachord on G (nawa) used in the ascending part of the scale:



The final diagram shows the optional Hijaz tetrachord on D (muhayyar) used in the descending part of the scale:



Suggested recordings

The following recordings include pieces in Maqam Hijaz:



Taqsim Hijaz played by Omar Abbad on a Faruk Türünz oud.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Jassim AlArroug on a Faruk Türünz oud.

'Hob' in Maqam Hijaz played by Jihad El Badaoui.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Mamdoh El Gibaley.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Moshe Habusha (audio only).

Taqsim Hijaz played by Imad Dalal.

Taqsim Hijaz and 'Salla Fina' with 17/8 rhythm played by Iyad Haimour.

Taqsīm Hijaz from the Rahim AlHaj CD 'When the Soul is Settled' (audio only).

Taqsim Hijaz played by Fouad Harraka.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Amos Hoffman.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Ali Al-Imam.

Hijaz Mandira (Sultan Abdul Aziz) played by Tareq Al Jundi with Maher Hanhan on cajón.

Sama'i Hijaz played by Raed Khoshaba in Liège, Belgium in 2005.

Taqsim Hijaz played by Ihad Nimer.

'Hijaz' from the Nizar Rohana CD 'Sard' performed at the De Balie Theatre, Amsterdam in 2009.

'It's Over' from the Charbel Rouhana CD 'The Art of the Middle Eastern Oud' (audio only).

Taqsim Hijaz played by Husain Sabsaby.


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